Author:  Michal Vašečka

In: Les Droits De L’Homme en Europe

Date of publication: 2018


L’antisémitisme moderne connaît des versions différentes, dont deux se profilèrent dès le xixe siècle. La première, typique entre autres pour la Slovaquie du xixe siècle, consiste en une transformation des animosités anti-juives fondées sur des motifs économiques, sociauxn et culturels, dans une forme politique. Elle se traduit par une volonté d’assimilation complète des Juifs qui devrait réduire leur influence, prétendument trop forte, sur la vie de la société. D’un autre côté, notamment l’Allemagne a connu l’avènement d’un antisémitisme racial qui présentait les Juifs comme une race destructrice contre laquelle la race aryenne devrait mener une guerre implacable. Aujourd’hui, ce type d’antisémitisme s’avère marginal.

Authors:  Ingrid Borárosová, Ondřej Filipec

In: The Polish Migration Review

Date of publication: 2017


The Accession of Slovakia to the European Union required transposition of acquis communautaire including norms related to migration and asylum policy. The main aim of this article is to explore the scope of Europeanization in Slovak migration and asylum policy within several phases. This article will compare both pre-accession policy setting with post-accession status of the policy and trace the changes and their nature in the context of Europeanization concept. The main claim in this article is that Europeanization of Slovak migration policy is remarkable for changing the country’s attitude from an open country with
lack of capacities to a modern state with a closed attitude towards migration policy. Europeanization contributed to capacity development and modernization, but also to an increasingly negative attitude towards migration.

Authors:  Viera Žúborová, Ingrid Borárosová

In: Journal of Nationalism, Memory and Language Politics

Date of publication: 2017

The migration crisis has not only influenced the societies of Europe, their governments, and decisions taken by them but also affected the work of media. As soon as the migration crisis began to escalate in Europe, the old continenthas continuously tried to cope with the influx of refugees from the war-threatened Middle East; not only individual statements of politicians and influential individuals but also communication flows themselves, which have createdcontent and expanded context within networks, have become the center ofinterest. We can assume that in the previous months (especially in the case ofthe Slovak Republic), political and media discourses influenced societal andindividual opinions and attitudes toward the migration crisis. The main aim of this article is to compare the various contents in the Slovak printed mediain the context of the migration crisis. The dominant focus will be on analyzing media messages in the analyzed period in the context of creating political(media-based and electoral) discourse on the refugee crisis. 

Migrácia v médiách: utečenci verzus migranti. Chápanie migrantov a utečencov v mediálnom priestore v kontexte pozitívnej a negatívnej mediatizácie

Authors:  Viera Žúborová, Ingrid Borárosová

In: Central European Journal of Politics

Date of publication: 2016


The migration refugee crisis has received a lot of attention not only in the political and social sphere which was mainly influenced by the parliamentary elections in the Slovak republic in May, but it also became focal point of interest for academics. The aim of this article is to clarify the mediatization of the migration under the context of its positive and negative presentation. Respectively we can say that the article is focusing on linguistic understanding of two dependent terms, which are “migrant” and “refugee”. We believe that wide spread media coverage of these two terms differs not only in the context of understanding, but also in its interpretation of social reality. Within the presented article we will analyze the media
coverage of these two terms with the aim of clarifying the differences between the terminology and of course the interpretation of reality. The result of our research could uncover the trends, which were visicourse the last couple years in mediatization of migration in other European and Non-European countries.


Author:  Viera Žúborová

In: Baltic Journal of Law & Politics 

Date of publication: 2015

The last election in the Slovak and Czech Republic was special. It not only took placebefore the official electoral period (pre-elections), but new political parties were “again” successful. The article focuses not only on both elections in the last two years in acomparative perspective, but it analyses the opportunity structure of success as well,including types of new political parties (according to Lucardie). The article seeks to answerthe question: why are new political parties electorally successful, able to break intoparliament and even become part of a coalition government? We assume that the emergenceand success of new political parties in both countries relied on the ability to promote “old”ideas in a new fashionĽ colloquially referred to as “new suits” or “old” ideological flows in new breeze.

Brexit and the renationalization
of the Human Rights protection: the way backward?

Author:  Ingrid Borárosová, Ondřej Filipec

In: Contemporary European Studies

Date of publication: 2015

Parliamentary elections of 2015 shifted UK closer to the possible exit from theEU. is unprecedented step will have significant impact on the UK legal system includ-ing the protection of human rights as the ties between national and European level maydisconnect or change the procedures and principles applied. This article claims that possible UK withdrawal from the EU will significantly challenge the level of human rights protection due to closing direct path to international level and limiting the jurisdictionof ECJ. In the worst case scenario the UK might become a closed system with decreasing quality of human rights protection.

Visibility of Political Leaders in the Media
in the Conditions of the Slovak Republic

Author:  Viera Žúborová

In: Slovak Journal of Political Sciences

Date of publication: 2014


The position of political leaders in the conditions of the political and party system of the Slovak Republic attracts more and more attention. In many specialized studies, many views of their status, position, powers and influence can be found, but there is absence of their study from the point of view of their
communication not only with society but with their respective parties as well. The aim of this study is to analyse not only the position of political leaders in the conditions of the Slovak Republic, but also both in the system and in the context of their communication with society, or to which extent their communication affects – if it does – their position in elections as well as political preferences of the party they lead.

Obraz obcokrajowców w mediach słowackich

Author:  Michal Vašečka

In: Integracja w globalnej wiosce 

Date of publication: 2013


Słowacja jest członkiem Unii Europejskiej z niskim odsetkiem obcokrajowców. W konsekwencji, mieszkańcy Słowacji nie mają dużych doświadczeń z obcokrajowcami, a poglądy na ich temat oparte są na stereotypach. Polityka integracyjna stosowana przez Słowację posiada wiele niedociągnięć, a kraj stoi obecnie przed wieloma wyzwaniami. Stosunek Słowaków do obcokrajowców jest związany z mniejszościami narodowymi obecnymi w sferze publicznej, oraz z ochroną tak zwanej „grupy głównej”. Zagadnienie imigracji pojawia się w politycznym dyskursie, czy to związanym z lewicą czy z prawicą, niemal wyłącznie w kontekście bezpieczeństwa państwa. Media na Słowacji odgrywają raczej negatywną rolę w procesie kształtowania poglądów wobec imigrantów. Można powiedzieć, że media odzwierciedlają negatywny polityczny dyskurs prowadzony głównie przez polityków, i skupiony na bezpieczeństwie kraju. Nie ulega jednak wątpliwości, że media odgrywają istotną rolę w procesie konstruowania i zmieniania zasad na których oparte jest funkcjonowanie społeczeństwa.

Metodický pohľad na funkciu a činnosť webových stránok politických strán
v podmienkach Slovenskej republiky

Author:  Viera Žúborová

In: Slovenská politologická revue

Date of publication: 2013


The aim of this article is to analyse the postition of party web pages in Slovak republic through a well – know methodology for content analysis of political Web sites, especially for subjects there compete in elections for office. So this article builds on existing methodology – coding scheme that will analyse the web sites of Slovak political actors. Basic questions will be arise, what is the fuction in the modern virtual world of party web sites and how effectively they are able to delivery the information and how effectively they are able to build a mutual mobilisation and participation flow

Sociologický výskum antisemitizmu na Slovensku po roku 1989
v kritickej perspektíve

Author:  Michal Vašečka

In: Sociológia

Date of publication: 2006


Article critically analyses approaches that Slovak sociologists have been using in their analysis of antisemitism in Slovakia after 1989. The article describes quantitative methods used by Slovak sociologists and suggests need of a complex approach to research of antisemitism. Author argues that modern antisemitism is de-judaized, while Slovak researchers focus more on a research of prejudices and stereotypes toward Jews. The research of antisemitism in Slovakia is fully dominated by Bogarduss scale of social distance while different relevant research methods are not used by Slovak experts. Moreover, in the process of interpretations of public opinion survey experts do not take into account the so-called escaping answers of respondents and attempts to run away from answering sensitive questions. Socio-psychological research, reflecting authoritatian personality, anomy, alienation and onthological insecurity of common people as sources of anti-Semitism, is rather rare in Slovakia. Consequently, quantitative research of antisemitism in Slovakia can be evaluated as insufficient. De-judaized perspective of anti-Semitism and even of Jews themselves in a Sartre´s sense is remaining one of the greatest challenges for sociolofists researching antisemitism in Slovakia. 

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