NATION ÜBER ALLES. PROCESSES OF REDEFINITION AND RECONSTRUCTION OF THE TERM NATION IN CENTRAL EUROPE

Author: Michal Vašečka

Date of publication: 2008

Published by: Center for the Research of Ethnicity and Culture

 

Most of Central European countries remain these days, in-spite of entry into the EU and endless attempts of liberal oriented political minorities, ethnically defined countries with focus on ethnos except of demos. Countries such as Slovakia or Hungary remain locked in their ethnic definition brought either by historically traumatic experiences (Hungary) or by enthusiastic building of the independent nations after changes of 1989 (Slovakia).  Problems of most of Central European countries are attached to an existence of banal nationalism, to the depth and permanence of nationalistic practices rooted in everyday activities and rituals. Although there are differences in constitutional codifications among Central European countries, citizens of these countries remain reduced into the membership in one collectivity – ethnical one. Natural coexistence of different national identities or of national identity with other collective identities is being questioned in Central Europe.

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