What is “race”? We can speak about two main hypotheses: The first hypothesis leads to the (“genealogical”) meaning of the word “race” as a common origin, lineage, genealogy; “race” as a “product of the history”. The second leads to the (“typological”) meaning of the word “race” as type, class, kind; “race” as a “natural phenomenon”. These two meanings of the word “race” have been mutually intertwined since the first occurrence of the word “race”. So, to speak of a race in the genealogical meaning brings us a different understanding of the concept of race than in the typological meaning.